EFT Full Form & Meaning: How Electronic Funds Transfer is Changing the Financial Landscape

In this article, we’ll explore the meaning of EFT full form, its history, and how it’s used in the banking industry. We’ll also discuss the advantages and disadvantages of EFT, as well as some common types of EFT transactions. By the end of this article, you’ll have a better understanding of this important banking term and how it’s shaping the financial landscape.

What is EFT?

EFT stands for electronic funds transfer. In simple terms, it refers to any process that transfers money from one account to another electronically.

This could include transactions made between individuals, between banks, or between businesses and their customers.

EFT transactions can be initiated using a variety of methods, including online banking, mobile banking apps, and electronic payment systems.

They are fast, convenient, and often more cost-effective than traditional paper-based methods of transferring money.

A Brief History of EFT

The concept of EFT can be traced back to the early 20th century when telegraph companies began experimenting with ways to transfer money electronically.

The first electronic funds transfer system was introduced in the United States in the 1960s, and it was quickly adopted by banks and other financial institutions around the world.

Over the years, EFT has evolved to include a wide range of electronic payment methods, including credit and debit cards, wire transfers, and electronic cheque. Today, EFT is one of the most popular and widely used forms of payment in the world.

How EFT Works

The basic process of EFT is relatively straightforward. When you initiate an EFT transaction, your bank or financial institution sends an electronic message to the recipient’s bank, instructing them to transfer the specified amount of money from your account to theirs.

The actual process of transferring the funds may take several hours or even several days, depending on the specific method used and the policies of the banks involved. However, in most cases, the transaction will be completed within a matter of hours.

Types of EFT Transactions

There are several different types of EFT transactions, each with its own unique characteristics and advantages. Some of the most common types of EFT transactions include:

Direct Deposit

Direct deposit is a type of EFT transaction in which funds are transferred directly from an employer’s account to an employee’s account.

This is a popular method of paying employees, as it eliminates the need for paper cheque and reduces the risk of fraud and errors.

Automatic Bill Payment

Automatic bill payment is another common type of EFT transaction. This involves setting up a recurring payment with a vendor, such as a utility company or credit card issuer.

The payment is then automatically deducted from your account on a regular basis, eliminating the need to remember to pay bills manually.

Wire Transfer

Wire transfer is a type of EFT transaction that allows you to transfer funds between banks or financial institutions. This method is typically faster than other types of EFT transactions and is often used for large transactions or international transfers.


E-wallets, also known as digital wallets, are another type of EFT transaction that have become increasingly popular in recent years. E-wallets allow you to store and transfer money electronically, often through mobile apps or online platforms.

Advantages of EFT

There are several advantages to using EFT for transferring funds:


One of the biggest advantages of EFT is its convenience. With EFT, you can transfer funds from the comfort of your own home, without having to visit a bank or ATM. This makes it a popular choice for people who are short on time or who live in remote areas.


EFT transactions are generally much faster than traditional paper-based methods of transferring funds. In many cases, the funds will be available in the recipient’s account within a matter of hours.


EFT is often more cost-effective than other methods of transferring funds, such as wire transfers or paper cheque. This can be especially beneficial for businesses that need to make frequent payments or for individuals who need to transfer funds internationally.

Disadvantages of EFT

While there are many advantages to using EFT, there are also some potential disadvantages:

Security Concerns

One of the biggest concerns with EFT is security. Because EFT transactions are conducted electronically, they are vulnerable to hacking and other types of cyberattacks. This can put your personal and financial information at risk.

Technical Issues

Another potential disadvantage of EFT is the possibility of technical issues. If there are problems with the banking system or with the electronic transfer process, it could result in delays or errors in transferring funds.

EFT vs. Other Payment Methods

There are several other payment methods that you may be familiar with, including cheque, wire transfers, and credit or debit cards. Here’s how EFT compares to these other methods:


Cheques are a paper-based method of transferring funds. They are often used for paying bills or for making purchases. While cheques can be convenient, they are not always accepted by all vendors, and they can take several days to clear.

Wire Transfers

Wire transfers are similar to EFT in that they involve transferring funds electronically. However, wire transfers are often more expensive and can take longer to process.

Credit and Debit Cards

Credit and debit cards are a popular method of payment for many people. They are often convenient and offer rewards or cashback programs. However, they can also be subject to high fees and interest rates.

Future of EFT

As technology continues to evolve, it’s likely that we’ll see even more changes in the way we transfer funds electronically. Some potential developments could include faster processing times, increased security measures, and new types of payment methods.

Security Considerations for EFT

Because EFT transactions involve the transfer of sensitive financial information, it’s important to take steps to protect your personal and financial data. Some best practices for EFT security include:

  • Using strong, unique passwords for online banking and other EFT systems
  • Keeping your software and operating systems up to date with the latest security patches
  • Avoiding public Wi-Fi when conducting EFT transactions
  • Monitoring your accounts regularly for any suspicious activity

How to Use EFT

Using EFT is generally quite simple. To initiate an EFT transaction, you’ll typically need to provide the following information:

  • Your account number
  • The recipient’s account number
  • The name and location of the recipient’s bank

Once you’ve provided this information, the funds will be transferred electronically to the recipient’s account. Some EFT transactions may require additional verification, such as a security question or a one-time password.

To use EFT, you’ll need to have access to online banking or mobile banking through your bank or financial institution. From there, you can initiate an EFT transfer and monitor the progress of the transaction.


What is the difference between EFT and ACH?

EFT and ACH are both electronic methods of transferring funds, but ACH is a specific type of EFT transaction that is used for processing large volumes of payments.

How long does an EFT transfer take?

EFT transfers are generally faster than paper-based methods of transferring funds. In many cases, the funds will be available in the recipient’s account within a matter of hours.

Is EFT safe?

While there are some potential security concerns with EFT, there are also many steps you can take to protect your personal and financial information. Some best practices include using strong passwords and avoiding public Wi-Fi.

Can I use EFT to transfer funds internationally?

Yes, EFT can be used to transfer funds internationally, although the process may be more complicated and may involve additional fees.

How do I initiate an EFT transfer?

To initiate an EFT transfer, you’ll typically need to provide your account number, the recipient’s account number, and the name and location of the recipient’s bank. You can initiate the transfer through online banking or mobile banking.


EFT, or electronic funds transfer, is a popular method of transferring funds electronically. It allows you to transfer money quickly, conveniently, and cost-effectively.

While there are some potential security concerns with EFT, there are also many steps you can take to protect your personal and financial information.

As technology continues to evolve, it’s likely that we’ll see even more changes in the way we transfer funds electronically. However, EFT is likely to remain a popular and important payment method for many years to come.

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