As we move towards a more digital world, the financial industry is constantly innovating new products and services to cater to the ever-changing needs of consumers. One such product that has been gaining popularity is NDC, or Non-Delivery Based Currency Option. In this article, we’ll delve into the NDC full form, its meaning and significance of NDC, and explore how it can benefit investors in the forex market.
When it comes to forex trading, investors have a plethora of options to choose from. From spot trading to futures, options, and swaps, the forex market offers a wide range of instruments to trade with. However, a relatively new entrant to this list is NDC, which stands for Non-Delivery Based Currency Option.
What is NDC?
NDC is a type of forex option that allows investors to buy or sell a currency at a predetermined strike price, without actually taking physical delivery of the underlying asset. In other words, NDC is a cash-settled forex option, where the profit or loss is settled in cash instead of the physical delivery of the currency.
How does NDC work?
Let’s say an investor wants to buy a USD/INR NDC call option with a strike price of 75. This means that the investor has the right, but not the obligation, to buy USD at an exchange rate of 75 INR per USD. If the USD/INR exchange rate rises above 75 at expiration, the investor can exercise the option and make a profit. The profit is calculated as the difference between the strike price and the spot price, multiplied by the notional amount.
For instance, if the notional amount is $10,000 and the USD/INR exchange rate at expiration is 76, the profit would be (76-75) x $10,000 = $10,000.
If the exchange rate is below the strike price, the investor would not exercise the option, and the premium paid for the option would be the loss.
Advantages of NDC
NDC offers several advantages over traditional forex trading. Firstly, since NDC is a cash-settled option, there is no requirement for physical delivery of the underlying currency. This eliminates the need for investors to worry about currency storage, transportation, and logistics, making it a more convenient option.
Secondly, NDC allows investors to participate in the forex market with limited capital. Unlike traditional forex trading, where investors are required to put up the full value of the trade, NDC only requires investors to pay a fraction of the notional value as margin. This allows investors to trade larger positions with smaller capital.
Lastly, NDC offers greater flexibility in terms of trading strategies. Since NDC is a cash-settled option, it can be combined with other forex products like spot trading, futures, and options to create complex trading strategies.
Risks of NDC
While NDC offers several advantages, it also comes with its own set of risks. One of the biggest risks of NDC is the high volatility of the forex market.
The forex market is notoriously volatile and can experience large fluctuations in prices within a short period. This can result in significant losses for investors who do not have a solid risk management strategy in place.
Another risk of NDC is the complexity of the product. NDC is a complex product that requires a thorough understanding of the forex market and option trading.
Investors who are not familiar with the product may find it challenging to assess the risk-reward profile of the trade.
Additionally, since NDC is a leveraged product, it amplifies both gains and losses. This means that investors can potentially lose more than their initial investment, which can be a significant risk for traders with limited capital.
How to trade NDC
To trade NDC, investors need to have a trading account with a broker that offers NDC options. The trading platform will display a list of available NDC options, along with the strike price, expiration date, and premium.
Investors can choose to buy or sell NDC options, depending on their trading strategy. If an investor expects the currency to appreciate, they can buy a call option, while a put option is suitable for investors who anticipate a decline in the currency’s value.
Once an investor has selected an NDC option, they need to enter the notional amount, which determines the size of the trade. The broker will then calculate the margin requirement, which is the amount of capital needed to open the trade.
NDC vs traditional forex trading
NDC differs from traditional forex trading in several ways. While forex trading involves the physical delivery of the underlying currency, NDC is a cash-settled option.
Forex trading requires investors to put up the full value of the trade, while NDC only requires a fraction of the notional value as margin.
Additionally, forex trading involves a high degree of leverage, which can magnify both gains and losses. NDC also involves leverage, but it is limited compared to forex trading.
FAQs on NDC
Yes, NDC can be used to hedge currency risk, similar to other forex products like futures and options.
The premium for NDC options is based on several factors, including the underlying currency pair, the strike price, and the expiration date.
NDC is a complex product that requires a thorough understanding of the forex market and option trading. Beginner traders should seek guidance from a financial advisor before trading NDC.
NDC is similar to traditional options, except that it is cash-settled and does not require physical delivery of the underlying currency.
No, NDC may not be available on all trading platforms. Investors should check with their broker to see if they offer NDC options.
NDC is a relatively new entrant to the forex market, offering investors a cash-settled option to trade currencies without the need for physical delivery.
NDC has several advantages, including greater flexibility in trading strategies and lower capital requirements. However, it also comes with its own set of risks, including high volatility and complexity.
Investors who are interested in trading NDC should ensure that they have a thorough understanding of the product and the forex market.
They should also have a solid risk management strategy in place to mitigate potential losses.